The selection of the appropriate hair loss treatment, is not only based on the patient’s medical history but also on an accurate and comprehensive diagnosis, resulting from clinical examination and laboratory tests.
The possible history of hair loss, the possible development of the condition and extent of hair loss (possible hypothyroidism, autoimmune diseases, anemia, etc.) . Moreover, the hereditary history that may exist is crucial.
Especially in the case of androgenetic alopecia, the existence of a positive inheritance history on the part of the father, the mother or both of them is considered to lead to a diagnosis and to a large extent determined future development. In dubious cases, especially in women, in very young people or in special cases of alopecia (eg cicatricial alopecia), the diagnosis and the selection of the appropriate treatment can be aided by performing specific examinations such as the classical trichochogram, the phototrichogram and the blood tests.
Moreover, today we can determine the genetic profile of a patient that suffers from hair loss. This is possible through the study of genes related to the hair loss process through a specific genetic examination of the patient’s DNA. Hair treatment can be divided into two major categories: conservative and surgical treatment.
Hair Loss Treatment with Medications & Conservative Therapies
Medications that fight hair loss are:
- Minoxidil that extends hair’s anagen phase.
- Topical application of corticosteroids to the scalp. The aim is to fight inflammation that causes follicles’ degeneration. Non-specific treatment is mainly applied in cases of non-specific treatment, such as in cases of diffuse alopecia, cicatricial alopecia or alopecia areata.
Conservative treatments that fight hair loss are:
- Treating hair loss with the application of PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) is a new, very promising treatment based on the healing and growth powers of the patient’s body. The plasma of the patient’s blood, being rich in platelets, is stimulated in the production of protein growth factors, which in turn causes stem cells activation. This fact results in the production of new cells and the growth of hair follicles.
- Treating hair loss with laser LLLT can be applied successfully in the case of an intermediate androgenic alopecia, as well as in cases of diffuse alopecia. The treatment acts by improving topical blood supply and increased production of energy in the hair follicles’ cells, resulting in improved nutrition.